Updated 12 Nov 2015

WIRKSWORTH Parish Records 1600-1900

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Photo 658


Hayes Farms

Kirk Ireton

A pair of neighbouring farms just West of Kirk Ireton, which can be traced back to a least 1841. Around 1979, the Scow Brook was dammed to produce the present Carsington water reservoir, which eventually covered the farm and buildings. These were the only two farms flooded by the waters. The farms were knocked down, and some of the stone used to build a couple of shelters for those walking and bird watching on the banks of the reservoir.

"Planning for the reservoir started in the 1960s with actual construction starting in 1979. In 1984 there was a partial collapse of the dam prior to its filling. The dam was subsequently completely removed before construction of a new dam commenced in 1989. The finished reservoir was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1992".

John HEAYES died 1824 may be a forerunner of these farms

Upper Hayes Farm in 1922
Hays Farms 1880
Hays Farms 1900
Hays Farms 1922
BEFORE the 1980 flood.
Upper Hays Farm, at end of Hays Lane.
AFTER the 1980 flood.
A shelter built from stone salvaged from Upper and Lower Hays Farms when these were flooded in the construction of Carsington Water about 1960-70.

Another shelter built from salvaged stone.


1911 Census for Hayes Farm, Kirk Ireton
Robert John  DEAN  Head  Sing  M  43  1868  Kirk Ireton  Farmer
Eliza        DEAN  Sis   Sing  F  40  1871  Kirk Ireton  House Keeper
Henry        DEAN  Bro   Marr  M  38  1873  Kirk Ireton  Assisting On Farm

1911 Census for Hayes Farm, Kirk Ireton
Thomas          SWAIN     Head  Marr  M  33  1878  Burton Staffs       Farm Bailiff On Farm
Mary Elizabeth  SWAIN     Wife  Marr  F  32  1879  Colon in the Elms Derbys
Thomas George   SWAIN     Son   -     M   5  1906  Burton Staffs
Norman Harold   SWAIN     Son   -     M   3  1908  Kirk Ireton Derbys
Harry           HUDSON    Serv  Sing  M  16  1895  Kirk Ireton Derbys  Horse Man On Farm
Frank           ROBINSON  Serv  Sing  M  15  1896  Burton Staffs       Horse Man On Farm
Edith           LEE       Serv  -     F  14  1897  Pilsby Derbys       General Servant Domestic
1901 Census for Hays Farm, Kirk Ireton.
#29---Hays Farm, West---[Kirk Ireton]---(page 7,ED 11, RSD "Wirksworth",RG13/3240)---
Kk029a    Elizabeth     DEAN         Head    W 57  F  Farmer                Shirley
Kk029b    Robert        DEAN         Son     S 33  M  Farmers son           Kirk Ireton
Kk029c    Eliza         DEAN         Dau     S 30  F                        Kirk Ireton
Kk029d    Henry         DEAN         Son     S 28  M  Farmers son           Kirk Ireton
Kk029e    Elizabeth     DEAN         Gdau    S 18  F                        Kirk Ireton
#30---Hays Farm---[Kirk Ireton]---
Kk030a    William       SIMS         Head    M 40  M  Farmer                Hognaston
Kk030b    Elizabeth D   SIMS         Wife    M 39  F                        Kirk Ireton           D=Dean
Kk030c    Walter        SIMS         Son       11  M                        Hulland
Kk030d    William W     SIMS         Son       10  M                        Hulland
Kk030e    Elizabeth A   SIMS         Dau       8   F                        Hulland
Kk030f    Evelyn        SIMS         Dau       5   F                        Hulland
Kk030g    Jane          SIMS         Dau       3   F                        Kirk Ireton
Kk030h    May           SIMS         Dau       1   F                        Kirk Ireton
Kk030i    Alfred        SIMS         Son       3m  M                        Kirk Ireton
Kk030j    Ellen Hall    WARD         Servant   17  F  General domestic      Kirk Ireton
1891 Census for Hays Farm, Kirk Ireton
#114---Hays Farm A---[Kirk Ireton]---
Kk112a    German        DEAN         Head    M 63  M  Farmer                Kirk Ireton
Kk112b    Elizabeth     DEAN         Wife    M 47  F                        Shirley
Kk112c    Robert J      DEAN         Son     S 23  M  Farmers son           Kirk Ireton
Kk112d    Eliza         DEAN         Dau     S 21  F                        Kirk Ireton
Kk112e    Henry         DEAN         Son     S 18  M  Farmers son           Kirk Ireton
Kk112f    Elizabeth     DEAN         Gdau      8   F                        Kirk Ireton
#115---Hays Farm B---[Kirk Ireton]---
Kk113a    Samuel        DEAN         Head    M 28  M  Farmer                Kirk Ireton
Kk113b    Catherine A   DEAN         Wife    M 32  F                        Messing ESS
Kk113c    Arthur A      DEAN         Son       4   M                        Kirk Ireton
Kk113d    John P        DEAN         Son       3   M                        Kirk Ireton
Kk113e    Reginald N    DEAN         Son       2   M                        Kirk Ireton
Kk113f    Kate          DEAN         Dau       2m  F                        Kirk Ireton
Kk113g    Annie         WARD         Servant S 18  F  Domestic servant      Kirk Ireton
Kk113h    Samuel        COOPER       Servant W 46  M  Farm servant          Kirk Ireton
Kk113i    William       COOPER       Servant S 17  M  Farm servant          Kirk Ireton
#116---Hays Farm---[Kirk Ireton]---(page 18,ED 8, RSD "Brassington",RG12/2756)---
Kk114a    William       WAYNE        Head    M 43  M  Farmer                Biggin
Kk114b    Annie         WAYNE        Wife    M 44  F                        Winster
Kk114c    William       WAYNE        Son     S 18  M  Farmers son           Kirk Ireton
Kk114d    Robert        WAYNE        Son     S 16  M  Farmers son           Kirk Ireton
Kk114e    Ester A       WAYNE        Dau       14  F                        Kirk Ireton
Kk114f    Mary H        WAYNE        Dau       14  F                        Kirk Ireton
1881 Census for Hays Farm, Kirk Ireton
#106---Hays Farm---[Kirk Ireton]---(RG11-3426-9-p16)
Kk103a    George        WOOLLISCROFT Head    M 61  M  Farmer of 130 acres   Grindon STS
Kk103b    Mary          WOOLLISCROFT Wife    M 59  F  Farmers wife          CaltonWatrfll STS
Kk103c    Thomas        OAKDEN       Visitor U 50  M  Farmer                CaltonCroxton STS     Out of business
Kk103d    Ellen         HEUSON       Servant U 26  F  Dairy maid            Waterfall STS
Kk103e    Francis       WIBBERLEY    Servant U 26  M  Farm servant indoor   Kniveton
Kk103f    William       RENSHAW      Servant U 21  M  Farm servant indoor   Conisston
Kk103g    John          RATCLIFFE    Servant U 18  M  Farm servant indoor   Stanton STS
1871 Census for Hays Farms, Kirk Ireton
#126---Hays Farms---[Kirk Ireton]---
Kk126a   George       WOOLISCROFT  Head    M 50  M  Farmer of 150 acres   Grindon STS
Kk126b   Mary         WOOLISCROFT  Wife    M 49  F  Farmers wife          Calton STS
Kk126c   William      COPESTAKE    Servant U 33  M  Farm servant indoor   Bradley
Kk126d   Thomas       GREATOREX    Servant U 17  M  Farm servant indoor   Shirley
Kk126e   John         FORD         Servant U 16  M  Farm servant indoor   Kirk Ireton
Kk126f   Margaret     BOWLER       Servant U 19  F  Dairy maid            Hognaston
Kk126g   Emma         BOWLER       Servant   13  F  Domestic servant      Hognaston
#127---Hays Farms---[Kirk Ireton]---
Kk127a   Thomas       HEATHCOTE    Head    M 44  M  Farmer of 145 acres   Brassington           Empl 1 lab
Kk127b   Ann          HEATHCOTE    Wife    M 46  F  Farmers wife          Kirk Ireton
Kk127c   Mary         MATKIN       Niece     15  F  Farm servant dom      Kirk Ireton
Kk127d   Mary A       GOLD         Servant U 18  F  Dairy maid            Brassington
Kk127e   William      HALL         Servant U 22  M  Waggoner              Kirk Ireton
Kk127f   Samuel       FORD         Servant U 16  M  Cowherd               Kirk Ireton
Kk127g   John         FEARN        Servant   13  M  Farmers boy           Hognaston
1861 Census for The Hayes, Kirk Ireton
#125---The Hayes---[Kirk Ireton]---(page 20,ED 8, RSD "Brassington",RG9/2524)---
Kk125a  William      HEATHCOTE    Head    W 71  M  Farmer of 150 acres   Brassington           Emp 1 lab 1 boy
Kk125b  Thomas       HEATHCOTE    Son     U 35  M  Farmers son           Brassington
Kk125c  John         HEATHCOTE    Son     U 27  M  Farmers son           Hognaston
Kk125d  Ann          LEE          Servant U 22  F  Dairy maid            Hognaston
Kk125e  Margaret     HALL         Servant U 14  F  General servant       Hognaston
Kk125f  Philip       BOWN         Servant U 18  M  General servant       Hognaston
Kk125g  Thomas       BEESON       Servant U 15  M  Cowherd               Hulland Ward
#126---The Hayes---[Kirk Ireton]---
Kk126a  Robert       TAYLOR       Head    U 52  M  Farmer of 150 acres   Kirk Ireton           Emp 3 men 1 boy
Kk126b  Elizabeth    HEATHCOTE    Aunt    U 62  F  Housekeeper           Kirk Ireton
Kk126c  Hannah       TAYLOR       Sister  U 53  F  Dairy maid            Kirk Ireton
Kk126d  Ann          TAYLOR       Sister  U 49  F  General servant       Kirk Ireton
Kk126e  George       COPESTAKE    Servant U 25  M  Carter                Bradley
Kk126f  William      COPESTAKE    Servant U 22  M  Cowherd               Bradley
Kk126g  George       FEARN        Servant U 14  M  General servant       Cas Donington
1851 Census for Hays Farm, Kirk Ireton
#055---Hays Farm---[Kirk Ireton]---(p13, Brassington district, Enumeration district 5, HO 107/2146)
Kk054a   William        HEATHCOTE      Head      W  61  M   Farmer 140 acres    Brassington         2 labs
Kk054b   Thomas         HEATHCOTE      Son       U  24  M   Farmers son         Brassington
Kk054c   Ann            HEATHCOTE      Dau       U  20  F   Dairy maid          Hognaston
Kk054d   Sarah          HEATHCOTE      Dau       U  17  F   Dairy maid          Hognaston
Kk054e   John           HEATHCOTE      Son       U  17  M   Servant             Hognaston
Kk054f   Thomas         HEATHCOTE      Servant   U  14  M   Servant             Hognaston
Kk054g   Sarah          LEE            Servant   U  16  F   Servant             Hognaston
1841 Census for Hays, Kirk Ireton
---Upper hays---[Kirk Ireton]----------
Kk012a   William        HEATHCOTE      50  m  Y  Farmer
Kk012b   Sarah          HEATHCOTE      35  f  Y
Kk012c   Thomas         HEATHCOTE      14  m  Y
Kk012d   Mary           HEATHCOTE      12  f  Y
Kk012e   Ann            HEATHCOTE      10  f  Y
Kk012f   Sarah          HEATHCOTE      7   f  Y
Kk012g   John           HEATHCOTE      1   m  Y
Kk012h   Samuel         KINDER         30  m  Y  M.s
Kk012i   Sarah          BOWN           15  f  Y  F.s
---Nether hays---[Kirk Ireton]---(p4, Kirk Ireton, district 12, HO 107/198/1)---
Kk013a   Thomas         HEATHCOTE      75  m  Y  Farmer
Kk013b   Elizabeth      HEATHCOTE      40  f  Y
Kk013c   Robert         TAYLER         65  m  Y  Ag lab
Kk013d   Robert         TAYLER         30  m  Y  M.s
Kk013e   Hannah         TAYLER         30  f  Y  F.s
Kk013f   Anne           TAYLER         30  f  Y  F.s
Kk013g   Anthony        TAYLER         25  m  Y  M.s
Kk013h   Thomas         WIGLEY         14  m  Y  M.s

Severn Trent Water

Why was Carsington Water created here?
The area was largely just arable land and part of the rationale to build in the Scow Brook Valley was that it only involved the inundation of two farms, minimising the social impact to the area. The Field Barn or Chapel in the valley was dismantled piece by piece and was reconstructed near to the Visitor Centre, to match exactly the original building. The land was used very much as the surrounding land is today, for livestock grazing.
Carsington Water has great regional significance for Severn Trent as it is in the heart of the company’s developing grid supply system. This grid links Clywedog Reservoir in Central Wales, the Lower Severn and East and West Midlands through Leicestershire. It therefore plays an important part in guaranteeing water at times of drought to the furthermost points of the Severn Trent compass.

What was here before?
The earliest occupation of the Carsington area dates back to around 2000BC. A Bronze Age barrow (burial mound) was discovered near to the site of the Visitor Centre and during excavations in 1986 the archaeologists found human remains and a scatter of flints, including knives and scrapers. Pollen from those times was also found, showing that during the Bronze Age the landscape was mostly covered with hazel, oak, lime and other trees that were tolerant of boggy conditions.
In Roman times the area north of Carsington was an important lead mining centre and it is believed that the valley could be the site of Lutudarum, a distribution centre at the junction of two major roman roads. Two Roman sites were discovered before the reservoir was built and three archaeological excavations have recorded and saved the artefacts of our distant past and the finds are on display at Buxton Museum.

How long did it take to build the dam?
The project to build Carsington Water started in 1980 and the site was officially opened by the Queen in May 1992, some 12 years later. Prior to the building taking place, three public enquiries had looked out, and discarded, alternative proposals. Work was at an advanced stage when part of the original dam collapsed in June 1984, after a period of prolonged heavy rain, halting further construction work until 1989. Following further public enquiries it was agreed that the project should continue. The remaining dam was levelled to its foundations and a new dam was built in its place – flatter, containing more than twice the material and with double the width of the old dam at the base. Construction was finished in autumn 1991 and the first water entered the reservoir on 16 October 1991.

What is Carsington Water’s role in the water supply network?
Carsington Water is the ninth largest reservoir in England it increased Severn Trent raw water storage capacity by 10%. To meet the growing demands of over three million customers in the nearby cities and towns the reservoir was built as a large storage facility that can supply them with up to 206 megalitres a day, which is almost a third of the water needed in Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire. Carsington reservoir is also linked to Ogston reservoir which supplies water to Chesterfield and the surrounding area.

Where does the water come from?
An aqueduct, comprising 9 kilometres of tunnel and 1.5 kilometers of pipeline, connects the reservoir to the River Derwent. The tunnel has a diameter of approximately 2 metres and is lined with concrete. The water is taken out at Ambergate Pumping Station, which was adapted specifically for this role when the reservoir was built, and travels along the aqueduct before entering the reservoir through the Control Tower. When the flow is down, water is returned by gravity from Carsington to the Derwent, ensuring ample supplies all the year round at the abstraction point downstream at Little Eaton, near Derby. From there, water is pumped to treatment works at Little Eaton and Church Wilne.

How deep and big is the reservoir?
At its highest level the reservoir can hold 7800 million gallons of water. At maximum capacity the reservoir is 300 hectares (741 acres) and 700 football pitches could fit on the surface. When full the reservoir is 31 metres deep – the height of seven double decker buses.

From: STW Carsington Water

John HEAYES 1824

Derbyshire Records Office holds a record D258-20-30-8-01 dated 1793. This has been transcribed by the author and appears to be related to the Upper and Nether Hays Farms which were submerged beneath the new Carsington Water reservoir described above. The Field names mentioned should confirm this when a listing of names in the GELL estate Tithe map is examined. John HEAYES appears to have died in 1824, when his Livestock, Implements and Furniture (400 items) were auctioned, see Farm Auction 1824.

This record is held by Derbyshire Record Office 

Reference:    D258/20/30/6-15  
Description:  Surveys and valuation of farms and lands in Carsington, 
              Hopton, Kirk Ireton and places not specified. D258/20/30/8 
              (of John Heayes' land) is endorsed with sketch plan and 
              account dated 1793. Includes a sketch map of Messrs 
              Heayes' farm (D258/28/8/10)
Date:         Late 18th cent and 1798  
Held by:      Derbyshire Record Office, not available at The National 
Language:     English

John HEAYES Tenant
Homestead                                  A  r  p     per acre £  s  d
bean Orchard                               2  3  30  |
Leys adjoining                             0  1  22  |  35      6  2  0
Top of Leys at the Rick yard               0  0  25  |
Iron? Lands                                3  3  05     40      7  11  3
Woolow and Tang?                           1  3  20     40      3  15  0
Another Woolow                             1  2  06     40      3  1   6
Another Woolow                             1  3  07     40      3  11  9
Stoney plantation deducted                 4  1  14     35      7  11  9
Catt Clouds                                4  3  30     35      8  12  9
A ditto                                    2  1  28     25      3  0   7
Peasant Lowe                               1  2  04     35      2  13  4
Fine More Hill                             2  2  18     24      3  2   8
Breech                                     2  2  12     30      3  17  3
Another Catt Cloude                        3  3  14     30      5  15  1
Quick setts                                0  3  35 |
Joe acre                                   1  3  04 |   24      5  3   7
Scots Clow and Button park                 1  2  12 |
Moor pieces                                6  0  00     18      5  8   0
Catt Clou under ye Cliffe                  2  1  11 |   30      7  7   4
South of Catt Clou                         2  2  15 |
Cliffe                       11 1  10  |  10  1  0      16      8  4  0
Deduction for new Plantation 1  0  10  |
A piece under ye Cliffe near             
       Hopton Field above Gate 1  3  12 |               25     29  17  2          
Hopton Field                   22 0  10 |
Carsington Hill 8 Gates                                 30     12  0  0
1 Little House & small garden in Carsington                     1  5  0
Burnswood Top                              22  2  12    14     15  16 0
Hopkinson pidas?                           23  3  10    12     16  4  5
                                          ----------          ---------
                                          130  1  39         160  10  11

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