Elizabeth Marshalsea writes:
This is part of an account I have been writing up, sorry it's a bit long
but I didn't want to leave out anything which might be useful.
My grandfather, Charles William Young Renshaw was born in Bonsall,
Derbyshire on the 13th September 1885. Unfortunately his mother, Hannah
Renshaw (nee Young) died from puerperal fever within a fortnight, on the
26th September 1885.
James Renshaw, father of Charles William Young Renshaw, was born on
8th November 1858 also in Bonsall. His Birth Certificate shows his father's
occupation as Butcher. James's father was also called James Renshaw so I
refer to them as James Renshaw Snr & James Renshaw Jnr.
On his Birth Certificate James Renshaw Jnr's mother's name is given as
Mary Renshaw, formerly Mary Stubbs.
John, I haven't included the next generation for reasons of confidentiality,
ie I haven't yet asked them if they would mind!
Edward 1741 Mary
| c1776 c1776
| William 1800 Mary
Thomas 1767 Mary |
| | | | | |
1784 1790 1810 1800 1803 1805 1820
William 1808 Mary 1837 Eli Henry William Anthony Joshua
<1837 | 1852 1852
| | | | | | | | | | |
1808 1810 1812 1815 1817 1820 1821 1823 1827 | 1830
Thomas Hannah John Job William Sarah Mary Martha Edmund | Esther
1832 1828 1833
Mary 1855 James(Snr) 1867 Ann
1866 | 1915 | 1910
| | |
1857 | 1860
William | Mary
1860 1858 1862
Hannah 1885 James(Jnr) 1886 Ellen
1885 | 1936 | 1914
1885 | | |
1890 Charles 1887 1894 1904
Cora William George Arthur Alfred
May 1914 Young
Children of William Renshaw & Mary Crooks
Thomas bn 13aug1808 bp 25sep1808
Hannah bn 22apr1810 bp 13may1810 mar 5apr1830 Robert Stafford
John bn 30mar1812 bp 26apr1812
Job bn 17feb1815 bp 9apr1815
William bn 12may1817 bp 8jun1817
Sarah bn 27aug1819 bp 13oct1820
Mary bn 13jul1821 bp 5aug1821
Martha bn 18aug1823 bp 28sep1823
Edmund or Edward bn 23dec1826 bp 11feb1827
James (snr) bp 28sep1828
Esther bp 31oct1830
It seems from the O.S. map that you could walk across from Bonsall to Ible
quite easily via footpaths.
James Renshaw (Snr), born 1828
The copy of the parish record shows that his parents are recorded as
William and Mary Renshaw of Ible in the Parish of Wirksworth. William
Renshaw is a farmer. The record was obtained from Derbyshire Records
Office at Matlock.
Bonsall, Puddle Hill (ref: HO 107/197/7)
William Wigley, age 32, agricultural labourer
Mary Wigley/Langley, age 40
Martha Renshaw, age 15, cotton spinner, born Derbyshire
Edward Renshaw, age 14, f.s.! born Derbyshire (Edmund on parish baptism entry)
James Renshaw, age 12, comb-maker, born Derbyshire.
(Tortoiseshell comb-making was an important industry in Bonsall).
Esther Renshaw, age 10, born Derbyshire
There are 2 other Wigley families also in Bonsall who are master cotton
weavers, employing other hands. I have been unable to establish any family
connection between the Wigley family & the Renshaws. Perhaps one or both
parents have died. I haven't been able to find any trace of William or
Mary Renshaw after 1830.
Bonsall, Townend (ref: HO 107/2146)
Robert Willis Stafford, head, farmer of 14 acres, age 45, born Bradbourne
Hannah Stafford, wife, age 40, born Ible, Derbyshire*
William R S Stafford, son, age 10, born Grange, Derbyshire
Hannah Stafford, daughter age 4, born Ible, Derbyshire
James Renshaw, visitor, age 21, lead miner, born Ible, Derbyshire*
Sarah Dakin Low, visitor, age 4mths born Ible, Derbyshire
*Wirksworth Parish Records 1608-1899.
born 22nd April, 1810, baptised 13th May.
Parents: William & Mary Renshaw of Ible.
On 5th April, 1830 Hannah Renshaw married Robert William Stafford.
One of the witnesses was Thomas Renshaw (she had an older brother, Thomas,
so probably it was him).
I believe this is the "correct" James Renshaw (out of several of the
appropriate age). It appears that James is staying with his sister,
Hannah Stafford, nee Renshaw, & his brother-in-law, Robert Stafford.
James was born late in 1828 so he would have been aged 22-23 in 1851,
but census ages are approximate. He is now a lead miner.
Town End is at the south of Bonsall, (it's marked on the OS. Leisure map 24,
scale 1:25,000, edition A6, revised 1994).
James Renshaw & Mary Stubbs,
parents of William & James Renshaw
James Renshaw and Mary Stubbs were married at Clifton District Church in
the Parish of Ashbourn, (sic) on 7th May 1855. Their ages are given as
24 years. One of the witnesses is Martha Bullock Stubbs, who is Mary's
younger sister. (This becomes clear from the Stubbs Family census return).
James's father is recorded as William Renshaw, farmer. Mary's father is
recorded as farmer. Both fathers were probably deceased by this time. I
was unable to find Joshua Stubbs on the 1841 census. I couldn't find a
baptism entry for Mary Stubbs because there were no relevant parish records
for Clifton with Compton at Derbyshire Records Office.
Bonsall (ref: RG 9/2524)
James Renshaw, head, age 32, married, agricultural labourer, born Ible,
Mary Renshaw, wife, age 29, born Mayfield, Staffordshire
William Renshaw, son, age 4 years, scholar, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
James Renshaw, son age 2 years, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
James is now an agricultural labourer. The census recorded only the main
occupation. Because was commonplace to have more than one occupation
I can't tell whether James was still a lead miner.
Bonsall, Town End (ref: RG10/3602)
James Renshaw, head, married, age 41, farmer of 115 acres, born Ible,
Ann Renshaw, married, age 38, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
William Renshaw, son, age 15, scholar, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
James Renshaw, son age 12, scholar, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
Mary Wheeldon, daughter, age 11, scholar, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
By the time of the 1871 census Mary Renshaw seems to have died and in
1867 James Renshaw (Snr) married Ann Wheeldon.
Probable index references:
Deaths March 1866
Renshaw Mary age 34 Ashborne* (sic) 7b 385
Marriages September 1867
Renshaw James Ashbourne 7b 677
Wheeldon Ann Ashbourne 7b 677
(Source FreeBMD website)
Bonsall, Town End (ref: RG11/3426)
James Renshaw, head, married, age 52, farmer 78 acres employing
1 man & 1 boy, born Ible, Derbyshire.
Ann Renshaw, wife, age 47, born Bonsall, Derbyshire.
James & William, sons of Mary & James Renshaw are now living in different
areas. I believe William Renshaw became a gardener at Via Gellia & later on,
a gamekeeper at Okeover Hall.
Bonsall, No. 3, Town End (ref:RG12/2756)
James Rensham*, head, age 60, farm labourer, born Ible, Derbyshire
Ann Rensham*, wife, age 56, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
*Renshaw has been wrongly transcribed
Bonsall, Town End (ref: RG13/3241)
James Renshaw, head, married, age 71, labourer on farm, born Ible, Derbyshire
Ann Renshaw, wife, married, age 66, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
The address is simply Town End but the next property on the census return
is the Rectory so it may be possible to identify from an old map, exactly
where James & his wife were living at the time of this census.
Bonsall, Town End (ref:RG78/1255)
James Renshaw, head, widower, age 84, retired farmer, living on own account,
born Ible, Derbyshire.
(Number of rooms in house, three including kitchen).
James Renshaw has not been able to sign the census return form & it has
been completed by two different people. I know he could sign his name
because he has signed the register on the occasion of his marriage to
Mary Stubbs. James may have lost his eyesight or been incapable of dealing
with the census form. Working in a lead mine, which he did as a young man
would probably not have helped anyone's mental agility, in old age!
The following sheet was given to me by my aunt. Because James Renshaw
Junior was around 79 years old when he died, this seems to refer to
James Renshaw Senior. This would mean that he died in summer 1917-18.
This is the probable index reference for James Renshaw's death.
(source FreeBMD website)
Deaths September 1917
James Renshaw age 88 Ashbourne 7b 650
James Renshaw (Jnr)
James Renshaw appears on the 1861 census (details on page 4). His age at
is recorded as 2 years.
James also appears on the 1871 census (details on page 4). His age is
recorded as 12 years & he is a scholar. His father has re-married, and the
transcript of this census records his mother as being Ann Renshaw, but the
copy of his birth certificate above confirms that his mother was
Mary Renshaw, formerly Stubbs. His father's occupation is given as Butcher
which seemed to go alongside farming at that time.
James left school at 13 to become an apprentice wheelwright. I wonder why
he changed schools for the last six months of his education
1881 Census (ref RG11/3257)
James Renshaw was a Journeyman Wheelwright, living with Master Wheelwright
John Cooper & family at Roman Bank, in the district of Spilsby, Skegness.
Skegness, district of Spilsby (ref:RG11/3257)
John Cooper, head, married, age 51, Master Wheelwright
Betsey Cooper, wife, married, age 50,
Betsey Carvill, niece, age 11, scholar
James Renshaw, boarder, unmarried, Journeyman Wheelwright, born Bonsall,
By 1885 James had moved to Derby. The area of Litchfield in which he lived
was the home of the Derby Railway Works which was expanding at this time.
It may be that he was employed there.
James Renshaw married Hannah Young, also from Bonsall at St Peter's church,
Derby on 30th March 1885. James is described as a Carriage Builder
residing at 22 High St. Litchurch, Derby.
Hannah's occupation was given as servant, her address, 38 Hartington St.
Litchurch. (This street can be seen on Google Street). At the time
Litchurch Street had not long been built. The marriage certificate shows
their fathers as James Renshaw, farmer and Charles Young, butcher.
Hannah and James had a son, Charles William Young Renshaw, later that year
and unfortunately Hannah died shortly afterwards from Puerperal Fever.
On December 23rd, 1886 James Renshaw married Ellen Mellor at St Andrew's
1891 census (ref:RG12/2197)
By the time of the 1891 Census the family was living in the hamlet of
Milton, near Repton, at Mill House. James Renshaw was manager of the Trent
Fish Culture Co. At this time Milton was in the Civil Parish of Repton in
the district of Burton on Trent, Parliamentary Division of South Derbyshire.
(It's now in Staffordshire but the locations of records do sometimes overlap).
By now Charles Renshaw, my grandfather, was a lad of 5 years old attending
school. He used to say to us that he went to Repton School, but not the
"right" one! He had a half-brother of three years old, called George.
The census only affords the opportunity to state one occupation so we cannot
be sure whether, or for how long he continued his trade of Wheelwright.
It would be interesting to know how it came about that James Renshaw went
into fish breeding.
There may be some clues: An article from Bygone Derbyshire [Mechanical:
Grandad and the mechanical genius(bygonederbyshire.co.uk)] mentions, in
passing, The Trent Fish Culture Co. It was founded by a Mr Stephenson-Peach,
who was keenly interested in pisciculture. Mr Stephenson-Peach was managing
director of the Trent Fish Culture Co, but he was primarily an engineer.
He died in 1919.
In 1886 Mr Stephenson-Peach had opened an engineering works in Askew House,
Repton. The works later became an engineering school associated with Repton
School. Stephenson-Peach was involved in the design of various motor
vehicles. It is possible that James Renshaw first came into contact with
Stephenson-Peach because he required a wheelwright.
James and Ellen Renshaw had 3 sons who were half-brothers to Charles
William Young Renshaw. They were George Renshaw, born November 2nd 1887,
Arthur Renshaw, born September 19th 1894 and Alfred Renshaw, born
August 24th 1904.
These are the most likely birth index references for the three half-brothers:
(source freeBMD website)
George Renshaw 1887 December Quarter Burton-on-Trent 6b 326
Arthur Renshaw 1894 December Quarter Burton-on-Trent 6b 380
Alfred Renshaw 1904 September Quarter Burton-on-Trent 6b 409
(At this time Burton-on-Trent registration district covered some of
Here is a little more about the children & descendants of James & Ellen
Renshaw, copied from a sheet of paper (below) which was given to me by my
George Renshaw married Eva Parker on January 1st 1914. They had a daughter,
Ellen Renshaw, born 16th October 1916.
Arthur Renshaw married Sarah Bradbury on June 7th 1924. They had a daughter,
Catherine Jean Renshaw, born 18th August 1925.
1901 Census (ref:RG13/2637)
Repton, part of South Derbyshire
The family is still living at The Fishery in Main Street, Milton.
James Renshaw, head, married, age 42, Piscitorial Steward?/Tenant ?,
worker, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
Ellen Renshaw, wife, married,, age 39, born Wirksworth, Derbyshire
Charles Renshaw, son, age 15, railway clerk, born Bonsall, Derbyshire
George Renshaw, son, age 13, born Milton, Derbyshire
Arthur Renshaw, son age 6, born Milton, Derbyshire
At some time prior to the 1911 census the Trent Fish Culture Co. moved to
Mercaston, near Brailsford, Derbyshire in order to expand.
Mercaston, Brailsford, nr Derby
James Renshaw, head, age 52, married, pisciculturist, manager of hatchery,
Trent Fish Culture Co. born Bonsall, Derbyshire
Children born alive to present marriage = 3. Children still living = 3.
Arthur Renshaw, son, single age 16, engineer apprentice, Madison Dynamo
Electrical, born Milton, Derbyshire
Alfred Renshaw,son, school, born Milton, Derbyshire
6 rooms in the house
Ellen Renshaw, James' wife, doesn't appear on the 1911 census, & no other
Ellen Renshaws of the appropriate age are listed. There is an Ellen Henshaw
listed as follows:
Institution name: The Derby Royal Infirmary, Railway servants Orphanage,
London Road, Derby, RG14PN20943 RD435 SD2 SN9999
Henshaw, Ellen, Married, F age 49 yr,born Wirksworth,Derbyshire.
Why the Derby Royal Infirmary includes the Railway Servants' Orphanage
I don't know, it's not even in the same road! Perhaps it was the next place
in the enumerator's schedule. I hope to see the hospital admission list to
see whether it will provide any further information/clarification.
Ellen Renshaw died in 1914 on 2nd August (see page 6).
A lucky coincidence! When I began this project I found that the former
house and grounds of the Trent Fish Culture Co were for sale. The agents,
Fisher German, were kind enough to send some photos. The property is now
named The Old Water Mill. The vendors confirmed to the agent that the
property was indeed the home of the Trent Fish Culture Co. Looking at
details from the 1911 census schedule this seems correct.
At the time of his death in 1936 (date unknown) James Renshaw was living
at Biggin-by-Hulland , near Mercaston.
I have searched the churchyard at Hulland on two occasions & failed to find
a headstone. The burial records for Hulland Church were not available on
my visit to Derby Record Office this year.
According to information available in the Black Horse, Hulland Ward, the
name Hulland means "high land".
That's it, John. At the moment I am going through the information &
pictures I have about my grandfather, Charles William Young Renshaw. I
will send details to you when it's complete-hopefully very soon.
The Renshaw Family