Updated 15 Jul 2006

WIRKSWORTH Parish Records 1600-1900

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Smedley's Hydro Handbook

A transcription of the Handbook issued to customers by Smedleys Hydro, the world famous Hydropathic Establishment at Matlock in Derbyshire. There is no date, but the text indicates around 1924. Established in 1853, Smedleys was in decline after the Great War and never recovered. But in those 70 years Matlock changed from a little-known village to a wealthy town of world renown, mainly due to 25 hydros, the first and largest of which was Smedleys. This handbook gives an insight into a great Victorian industry, now vanished.
Also see: Details of Hydropathic Treatment in: Smedley's Bath Book 1934.
Transcriber's note: All the text has been OCRed, but the elegant layout of the booklet has been changed for readability and time reasons. Some of the many illustrations have been included.

Information about John Smedley and his Hydro, on this website:

On this page: Foreword | Tarriff | Meals | History | Amusements | Resort | Medical | Baths | Sales |
Elsewhere on this website: Smedley empire 1784-1893 | Smedleys autobiography 1868
Rare cabinet card of:John and Caroline SMEDLEY
Pedigree of John Smedley by Thomas INCE updated 1858.
Wirksworth Parish Register: Baptisms, Marriages and Burials | Baptisms only
Census for Hydro: 1901 | 1891 | 1881 | 1871 | 1861.
Mentioned: FLINT pedigree
White's directory 1857: Indexed | Baths | Extract
Photos: Hydro (I) | Hydro (II) | Hydro grounds | Hydro 1868 | Interior | Interior | Interior | Advert 1905
Photos: Smedley's engravings | Smedley's winter gardens | Riber Castle.

Smedley's Hydro at Matlock Bank, from Handbook centrefold, with a View of the
Private Grounds, Terraces, and South Front.
The Dining Room
The Winter Gardens
Vichy Douche
One of the Bath Rooms
Plombieres Bath
High Frequency.                       Ultra Violet Ray.
Radiant Heat Bath        Diathermy and High-Power Parabolic Reflector.

The Frontispiece of the 32 page booklet, dated about 1924


Page 3


WHEN JOHN SMEDLEY, in 1853, opened "a small house at Matlock Bank for six patients," and so founded hydropathy in this country, he can scarcely have imagined that the institution thus modestly begun was to grow into the present-day huge establishment.

The Smedley's of nowadays, though justifiably proud of its longevity and its size, does not make its appeal on either of these grounds. It claims to offer, at very moderate expense, a happier and more beneficial holiday or health-visit than any other resort in the world provides at comparably low cost.

It is now becoming generally recognised that holidays, like exercise and food, need to be taken with care and with particular reference to individual needs. Holidays that make too violent demands on the energies, or that involve too abrupt a change from ordinary methods of life, may, and frequently do, cause more harm than benefit.

Healthy comfort without boredom or stuffiness ; amusement without fatigue ; the hearty geniality of communal life, yet with privacy for those who prefer it - such are the guiding principles which make Smedley's in truth "the home of health and holiday."

On the more strictly hydropathic side, the supremacy of Smedley's rests on the three vital factors of wide experience and success in treatment high quality of medical service and unrivalled completeness of equipment.

Page 5

     Telegrams:                                                          Telephone
"Smedley's, Matlock."                                                 17 Matlock (two lines)


For the help of the reader:
Average wages for 1924 were:
Craftsman: 1/6 per hour
Labourer: 1/- per hour
Ag.Labourer: -/6 per hour (minimum wage)
Figures taken from:Wages and Money

Board and Residence (according to situation of Bedroom) 13/-, 13/6, 15/- and 16/6 each per day.
When Two Persons occupy the same Bed A reduction of one shilling each per day.
If Two Beds occupied in same room A reduction of only sixpence each per day.

Some special rooms at a little higher rate.

Children under Twelve occupying room with Adults     from 6/6 per day.
Private Sitting Room                                      9/-
Board and Lodging for Female Servant                      8/-
Board and Lodging for Male Servant                        9/-
Day of arrival is charged, but not day of departure.

Easter, August and Christmas-In addition to above rates, an initial charge of one guinea each person is made for a visit of any length, commencing between Wednesday before Easter and Easter Wednesday, between last Wednesday in July and end of August, and between December 18th and December 31st. All these days inclusive.

NOTE-No extra charge is made for Turkish, Russian, Spray, Needle Baths, Mustard Sheets, or Liver Packs, either to patients or visitors residing in the house, precedence is, of course, given patients. For particulars as to charges for other treatments, see pages 23 and 25.

N.B.-ROOMS RESERVED from a certain date (or retained during temporary absence) are charged half-price from the day they were engaged for occupation, excepting holiday times and during August, when the full rate is chargeable.

Fire in Bedroom                                           2/- per day.
Fire in Bedroom from 5 p.m.                               1/-
Serving Breakfast in Bedroom                  6d. each or 2/6 per week
Serving Meals in Bedroom (all the meals)      6d. each or 5/-
     visitors desiring a meal served in Bedroom will please intimate 
     same to the Chambermaid at least an hour previously.
Early Cup of Tea or Cocoa in Bedroom,                     6d., 
     or in the lower hall on the way to the Bath House at 7 a.m., free.
Meals can be taken in the Empire Room on payment of an extra charge of 1/- each person per day.
Rooms should as far as possible be engaged some days in advance of arrival. Letters to be addressed to the Manager.

NOTICE OF LEAVING to be given to the Matron as EARLY AS POSSIBLE, BUT AT LEAST ONE DAY PRIOR TO DEPARTURE, otherwise an extra day becomes chargeable.

Luggage to be packed not later than noon on day of departure, and rooms placed at the disposal of the Management.

The GENERAL OFFICE is open daily (Sundays excepted) fro. 9-0 a.m. to 5-30 p.m. Saturdays, 1-30p.m.

Accounts are rendered on Wednesdays. Payment each week is requested in the Office.

The Company is not responsible for visitors' property and valuables lost in the Establishment unless deposited in the General Office and a receipt obtained.

The key of the bedroom may be had from the Hall Porter, deposit 2/-

Page 7

Table d'Hote Meals

Breakfast October to March inclusive         9-0 a.m.
April to September inclusive            from 8-30 a.m.
Luncheon                                     1-0 p.m.
Afternoon Tea                                4-0 p.m.
Dinner                                       7-0 p.m.

Tea, Coffee, or Cocoa served after Dinner.

Breakfast October to March inclusive         9-0 a.m.
April to September inclusive. .         from 8-30 a.m.
Dinner                                       1-0 p.m.
Afternoon Tea                                4-0 p.m.
Supper from                                  7-0 p.m.
Meals are served punctually, and for the comfort of all concerned it is particularly requested that visitors also will be punctual. N.B.-The duration of Meals is not fixed in any way, but is regulated solely by the requirements of each individual. The medical direction deprecates all hurry, for which there can be no valid excuse.

Special Provision for Invalids.
Any who, by medical advice, may wish to avoid the public table, will please apply to the Head Waiter for accommodation in the Private Dining Room.

Special Diet, beyond that provided on Menu, charged extra.

Morning and Evening Prayers in the Drawing Room.

Electric Passenger Elevators give easy access to all the floors.

Central Heating.
All bedrooms and corridors, as well as the public rooms, are warmed in winter.

Visitors, on arrival, should enter their names in the Register, and so avoid delay in the delivery of letters, messages, telegrams, parcels, etc.

Letters, telegrams, parcels, etc., are in the charge of the Hall Porter.

The Postal Box in Entrance Hall is regularly cleared.
Letters for persons not on the books of the Establishment, and not claimed within forty eight hours, are returned to the Post Office.

Rooms for Ladies and Gentlemen in the basement, equipped with up-to-date appliances. Special treatments available.

A Steam Laundry is attached to the establishment, where visitors linen is expeditiously washed at moderate charges.

Watchmen are in constant attendance throughout the night, and perambulate the building at stated intervals. No attendance from the housemaids after 10-15 p.m.

Pet Animals of any kind cannot be admitted to the house.

House Library in the Reading Room, open from 11-30 a.m. to 12 noon, and 4-15 to 4-45 p.m.

Newspapers, etc - Messrs. W. H. Smith & Son have a stall in the Entrance Hall, and a liberal supply is provided in the Public Rooms.

Motor Garage- (Inspection Pit). Charge, 1/6 per day.

Page 9

History of Establishment

It is now over seventy years since the Establishment was founded, and in the history of hydropathy it holds a place of premier importance ; for it was here that John Smedley inaugurated that milder development of the water cure, for which Matlock has since become famous. In the Encyclopedia Brilannica (Article "Hydropathy," by the late Dr. W. B. Hunter) occurs the following passage, defining the situation at the time, and the part played by the founder of this place:

Increasing popularity diminished ere long that timidity which hitherto, in great measure, had kept the weaker and more serious class of cases from making a trial of the new method which has been mainly occupied as yet with a sturdy order of chronic inva!ids, well able to bear a rigorous regimen. The need of a radical adaptation to this class was first adequately recognised by John Smedley, a manufacturer of Derbyshire, who, impressed in his own person with the severities as well as the benefits of the cold-water cure, practised among his work. people a milder form of hydropathy, and began, about 1852, a new era in its history, founding at Matlock an English counterpart to the Parent establishment at Grafenberg, alike in the smallness of its beginning and the popularity it ultimately obtained."

Page 11

History of Establishment - continued

In the County Guide Book of 1869 (Bemrose) the rapid rise of the establishment is recorded in the following terms:

"Matlock Station, close to the right of which is Matiock Bank, the headquarters of hydropathy. The introduction of hydropathy into this district is due to John Smedley, Esq., the enterprising and philanthropic proprietor of the Lea Mills, who, having himself benefited by hydropathic treatment, commenced the practice of it at Lea Mills in 1851, for the benefit, in the first instance, of his workpeople. The necessity of providing accommodation for the number of neighbours and visitors who sought to avail themselves of the water cure, led Mr. Smedley to purchase a house at Matlock Bank for that purpose. This was in 1853, and from time to time this house has been enlarged, until it is now the most complete and extensive establishment in the kingdom."

Since the death of Mr. Smedley, in 1874, the establishment has been greatly enlarged, and the older portions completely rebuilt. A new suite of baths gives, among other advantages, a separate Turkish Bath for Ladies, and a complete electric installation for Medical purposes. The establishment has over 260 bedrooms, providing accommodation for upwards of 400 persons.

A Farm of 300 Acres
is worked in connection with the establishment to ensure a constant supply of pure, fresh milk, and other produce.

Page 13


The Establishment is extensively patronised by Pleasure Seekers in addition to those requiring Hydropathic treatment, consequently the visitor enjoys a lively and ever-changing society, with varied and healthful amusements, which are so arranged as not to interfere with the general comfort. In the evenings there are concerts, theatricals, tableaux, cinema, dancing, games, etc.

The Billiard Room has two full-sized tables.

Indoor Games Room -Golf, Croquet, Carpet Bowls, Deck Quoits, Ping-pong, etc

Outdoor Sports -Boating, Fishing, Riding, Golf, Grass and Hard Croquet Grounds. Tennis Courts and Croquet Lawns, Large Bowling Green, etc.

The Annual Bowling, Tennis, Croquet and Golf Tournaments are held during August.

A Lounge Corridor, one hundred yards long, forms the approach to a spacious Winter Garden (with Spring Dancing Floor) and Fernery, which provides ample space for exercise and recreation in all kinds of weather, and where instrumental Concerts are given daily.

Matlock Golf Links, 18 holes and over three miles round, situate on Matlock Moor, are within twenty minutes' walk from the establishment.

Visitors, Daily Tickets    3/-
          Weekly Tickets  17/6
          Monthly Tickets 35/- 

Page 18

Smedley's as a Health Resort,

The climate is fairly equable and free from extremes of cold, damp, and high winds. The mean temperature for the winter is 45°, the average rainfall 32.21 in., the altitude 500-ft. above sea level, and the exposure south-west. The establishment is situated midway up a broad slope, with an incline of about one in seven, affording rapid and thorough drainage. It stands 250-ft. above the valley, securing dryness of atmosphere, and the heights, extending as far again above the house, afford shelter from the north and cast. The maximum amount of sunshine is thus secured, and free access also to the more genial and health-giving winds from south and west. The air is that of a pastoral and moorland country, and the water, derived from the open moorlands above, is of exceptional softness and purity; the river below is rapid, there are no marshlands about, nor are the hill-slopes heavily wooded to the detriment of that dryness of atmosphere which is desirable for invalids. The prospect from the windows, balconies, and terraces is one of great beauty and singular diversity, and the neighbourhood is rich in objects of interest- artistic, archeoological, historical and natural.

The establishment provides a suite of public rooms, all with a southern exposure, well lighted, carefully warmed, and amply ventilated. In one long frontage are drawing room, ladies' drawing room, reading room, billiard room, smoking room, and Winter Garden -all spacious, airy, and provided with electric light. The corridors are well warmed and well lighted, and the bedroom flights have access by an electric elevator. In front are covered verandahs and open balconies, affording well sheltered promenades and accommodation for invalids confined more or less to their couches. These latter can be used. almost daily throughout the winter months by many who otherwise had been prisoners to the house for most of the time.

Page 19
There are gravelled walks and terraces in abundance, with covered alcoves here and there.

For the invalid the advantages peculiar to wintering in such a place as this over wintering abroad are very considerable. The long and fatiguing journey by land or sea, or both, and the many risks of mischance by the way are avoided. The manifold difficulties of getting favourably settled abroad, the numerous drawbacks of ordinary hotel life, a foreign cuisine, inadequate provision against the inclement weather which sometimes surprises the seeker after sunshine, the inevitable extremes of temperatures to be encountered almost daily, indoors as well as out, the lack of English comforts, and the remoteness from family and friends in case of severe sickness, are all avoided in great measure by the choice of a winter resort in England. The confessed inferiority of climate is the one great set-off against these advantages, but when one remembers how large a portion of the twenty-four hours is spent indoors the balance should show decidedly in favour of the English winter stations.

Page 20
In the selection of a winter resort in this country the choice should fall on that which will leave the patient as little dependent as possible on the uncertain weather out of doors, on that which affords the greatest measure of indoor comfort of a properly hygienic kind. In the event of illness the advantage of being in such an establishment as this is very manifest, with a medical staff on the spot, every facility for treatment, and the speedy attendance of friends and relatives if necessary.

Many who have wintered on the Riviera, in Egypt, Algiers, or at the Canaries or Madeira, have expressed their preference for Smedley's ; and it has happened more than once that a week or two spent here while preparing to go south has led to the abandonment of the idea of going abroad at all.

With a bathing staff of 60 skilled attendants at call; with a Turkish Bath of mild temperature, well adapted for the delicate, its chambers better ventilated than ordinary rooms ; with a Russian Bath carefully managed, and general bath rooms warm and airy, and all these under one roof, the invalid is not only safeguarded against mishap in the course of the winter, but, what may prove of the first importance, is well placed for the radical treatment of his maladies. Instead of merely holding his own through the winter, he may find that he has got rid of his disease, and that too at the very season when he had most reason to dread its further development.

Page 21

Medical Department

             G. C. R. HARBINSON, M.B., B.Ch., B.A.0. (R.U.I.).
             R. MAcLELLAND, M.D., C.M. (Edin.), resident.
New Arrivals are seen by Dr. Harbinson between the hours of 10 a.m. and 12 noon daily and from 2 to 4 p.m. (Winter 4 to 6 p.m.) every week-day except Saturdays.

Subsequent Consultations are held with Dr. Harbinson between the hours of 2 and 4 p.m. (Saturdays between 11 and 1 p.m. instead), and with Dr. MacLelland between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. and 8 and 8-30 p.m., if necessary. Patients will find the days for consultation marked in their bath books.

The Fee is one guinea, which covers the weekly consultations during the course of the first four weeks of the patient's stay in the establishment, after which a further charge of half-a-guinea is made at the commencement of each similar period.

Additional consultations may be arranged for if desired, for which an extra charge of half-a-gulnea each is made.

Intending patients should, on arrival, ask to see the Head Bathman or Head Nurse, who will make the necessary arrangements for a consultation, or apply direct to the Footman in attendance at the Consulting Rooms.

In all emergencies application should be made as above, when, if necessary, patients will be seen at once by the resident Physician.

Consultations between 11 and 12 daily-fee one guinea. An appointment should be made if possible.

Consultation by Letter :-The fee--one guinea--should accompany each letter.

Page 23

Bath Arrangements

The Head Bathman and Head Nurse make all arrangements for carrying out the prescriptions, allotting each patient to a particular bathman or bathwoman.

Attendance at the Bath Houses is as follows 
Before Breakfast               6-30 a.m. to 8-0  a.m. 
Forenoon                       9-30 a.m.   12-30 p.m. 
Afternoon                      3-0  p.m.    5-0  p.m. 
Evening .. .. ..               8-30 p.m.    9-30 p.m. 

Turkish and Russian Baths
For Gentlemen                   6-30 a.m. to 8-0 a.m.
                               10-0 a.m.     1-0 p.m.
                                3-0 p.m.     5-0 p.m.
For Ladies                     10-0 a. m.    1-0 p.m.
                                3-0 p.m.     5-0 p.m.

From October to March inclusive the Baths open at 7 instead of 6.30 a.m.

On Sundays, treatment is restricted, save in special cases, to the bath before breakfast, including, for gentlemen, the Turkish or Russian Baths.

On Saturdays, attendance at the Bath-houses ceases at mid-day.

Special Bathmen and Special Nurses are provided for such as are unable, from any reason, to avail themselves of the Bath-houses, or who require more attention than the Bath Attendants can afford them.

The Special Attendants are on duty from morning till night or vice versa, and wait upon their patients in addition to administering treatment.

Terms :-For Special Nurse (Female) per week £2 12 6
        For Special Bathman                  3 13 6

Private Nursing away from the Establishment.
       For Nurse per week                   £2 12 6
       For Male Attendant                    3 13 6

The Rubbers and Electricians are available by appointment, the hour for which is arranged by the Head Bath Attendants.

Terms For Patients :-
    For Masseuse or Female Rubber 
        per hour                                3/6
        per application for half-hour or less   2/
Masseur or Male Rubber 
        per hour                                4/6
        per application for half-hour or less   2/6

For Visitors residing in the Establishment who are not Patients see Page 25.

Page 25

Bath Arrangements - continued

    Galvanic or Faradaic          per application 1/6
    Both Galvanic and Faradaic                    2/-
    High Frequency                                2/6
    Diathermy                                     5/-
    Ultra Violet Rays                             5/-
    Electric Ionization                           5/-
    Bath                                          2/-

An installation of these baths has been in constant use for some years, and the results obtained have been very satisfactory. Recently the full bath of the latest pattern has been added. The heat is produced by Electricity, and there is consequently no vitiation of the atmosphere by products of combustion. These baths are especially useful in cases where the patient is enfeebled or crippled, or from any cause unfit for the ordinary Turkish or other form of hot-air bath.

    For a Single Bath           7/6
    Course of Three Baths     £1/1/-
    Course of Six Baths       £1/10/-
(If booked at one time and taken within one month.) £ s. d.
     Bath only                                      0 4 6
     Bath and Schott Exercises                      0 5 6
PLOMBIERES TREATMENT, per application               0 2 6
PINE BATH                                           0 3 6
AIX DOUCHE                                          0 3 0
VICHY DOUCHE                                        0 3 0
Night Attendance for Invalids.-The night watchmen are qualified to give simple treatment in case of need. If required, they will summon medical assistance.

Ladies and Gentlemen desirous of taking baths on their own account, and without consultation, are requested to apply to Head Bath Attendants. Time and place will be arranged so as to avoid interference with Patients going by prescription. Baths in the bedroom, and private baths, are subject to a small special charge in the case of visitors.
For Massage and such other of the foregoing treatments as may be taken by non-patients, the charges are 50 % higher.

Baths to persons not staying in the Establishment., £ s. d.
Turkish or Russian Bath per single bath             0 3 6
                        per series of six           0 18 0

Page 26

The Baths, &c

N0 description can do justice to Smedley's unrivalled suite of baths, renowned all over the world for completeness of equipment and efficiency. Nothing but a tour of inspection, or, better still, actual experience of the incomparable treatment, can convey any adequate conception of the astonishing scope of the health-restoration and health-maintenance facilities, aggregated during many years, and vigilantly modernised to the moment. . . . THE BATHS ARE UNDER THE SAME ROOF AS THE ESTABLISHMENT, THUS DISPOSING OF ANY NECESSITY TO GO OUT OF DOORS, WITH CONSEQUENT RISK OF CHILLS.

THE TURKISH BATHS.-Each bath (there are two -one for ladies and one for gentlemen) consists of three heated chambers, the first of which is kept at a temperature of 120° only, as being quite sufficient for realising the full effect of the bath for the more feeble and sensitive, while practically free from risk of mishap. The second chamber is kept at 135° as quite adequate to the requirements of the average patient. The more extreme effects of the bath are obtainable in the third chamber, maintained at 170° and frequented mainly by visitors taking the bath on their own account. The ventilation of the heated chambers is a special feature of this bath, and chief cause of that immunity from bad effects it affords. A constant circulation of air is carried on through the forced indraught of an air chamber over the furnace, and an outdraught through a flue passing from the floor-level into the great chimney. Another great advantage is the exemption from fatigue enjoyed by the patient quartered under the same roof with the bath. There is provision for the careful handling of those who are much crippled by gout and rheumatism, the passage to and fro from every floor being made without difficulty in wheel-chairs by means of the passenger lift.

A PLUNGE BATH, 35-ft. by 6-ft., is attached to the Turkish Baths.

Page 27

The Baths - continued

The RUSSIAN BATHS are under the same roof with the Turkish, and are not less carefully administered. They are kept at a temperature of 110°, with more or less of free vapour in the atmosphere, according to the case.

The HYDROPATHIC BATHS, erected at a cost of upwards of £20,000, include suites of Electric Baths.

They comprise :-
     Rain or Needle Baths. 
     Spray Baths,. general and local. 
     Sponge or Hip Baths. 
     Shallow or Long Baths. 
     Sitz Baths, hot, cold, and flowing, etc. 
     Foot Baths, the same. 
     Head, Eye, Ear, and Nose Baths. 
     A scending Douches and Sprays.
     Rectal and Vaginal Douches.
     Douches, Vertical and Horizontal, hot and cold.
     Douches, Local and Spinal, hot and cold, 
        successive and alternate.
     The Aix Douche and Vichy Douche.
     Wave Baths.
     Steam Box or Vapour Baths, both for 
        general and local purposes.
     Domestic Plunge Baths in private suites.
     Swimming Bath.

There are 16 separate installations or sets of baths, constituting that number of bath-rooms, with four packing or dressing rooms attached to each ; and each suite thus constituted is under the charge of one bath attendant. This arrangement affords perfect privacy to each patient, and freedom from exposure to chill while passing through the various processes. In these packing rooms are administered the various kinds of packs, general and local, to be followed or not, as the case may be, by a full bath in the bathroom adjoining. The bathrooms are tiled from floor to ceiling, and all the floor space is laid in mosaic, and furnished with mats for the feet. A couple of suites have been provided for those visitors who may prefer the ordinary or domestic plunge bath.

A new department is devoted entirely to PLOMBIERES TREATMENT.

The ELECTRIC BATHS are fitted up in similar fashion to the rest, and are provided with full installations for both the constant and induced varieties of bath, with the apparatus required for local electricity in the dry form. Rooms have recently been added for High Frequency Electricity, Diathermy, and Ultra Violet Ray Treatment, Artificial Sunlight, etc.


MEDICATED BATHS of any kind can be given.

The NAUHEIM TREATMENT of heart disease is carried on under medical supervision, and includes the Nascent Carbonic Acid Baths and Schott Exercises.

Page 29

The Baths - continued

MEDICAL RUBBING or MASSAGE and SWEDISH MOVEMENTS are amply provided for, a staff of twelve trained rubbers of both sexes being engaged in the various forms of medical rubbing, local and general. The Weir-Mitchell Treatment is practised in its fullest development, or modified according to the requirements of the individual case, some patients doing better on half a course than on the full. Where complete isolation and absolute rest in conjunction with high feeding are necessary, the same can be carried out, and all under close medical supervision. A portion of the upper balcony is reserved for Weir-Mitchell patients, so that this form of treatment can be carried out to the fullest extent without the patient being confined indoors as is usually the case. This robs the treatment of the monotony which makes it so trying when carried on indoors.

The BATHING STAFF numbers over 60 men and women, comprising bath attendants, special nurses, rubbers, electricians, etc., with a head bathman and head nurse to supervise every detail of the medical treatment.

NIGHT WATCHMEN are at call in case of need, furnishing food if required at any hour of the night, and calling up further assistance if necessary. Care is taken to preserve quiet in the corridors after hours, and to keep disturbing influences at a distance at all times, the interests of the patients being the ruling consideration in all the arrangements of the establishment. As one-half at least of those residing in the place are other than invalids, the social atmosphere is not by any means depressing. Patients may be sent as visitors simply, or they may be placed under medical supervision merely, no active measure being necessary ; and where hydro-therapeutic treatment is deemed desirable, the practitioner may count on full weight being accorded such suggestions as he may see fit to send with his patient.

The VERANDAHS and BALCONIES, in which the place abounds, enable patients to spend the entire day out of doors, weather permitting, without fatigue. From 40 to 50 spinal couches are in constant use. Complete rest in the recumbent posture, the day passed in full view of a wide extent of beautiful scenery, has sometimes an excellent effect in extreme debility and anaemia, and in promoting convalescence from acute disease.

As a RESIDENCE for INVALIDS the great size of the building - able to accommodate from 300 to 400 visitors - the ample cubic capacity of the public rooms and the multiplicity of semi-private apartments, such as the ladies' private Drawing Room, the private Dining Room, Reception, Reading, Billiard, Smoking, and Music Rooms, the various Halls, Ante-rooms, and Corridors, together with the spacious Recreation Rooms, all combine to minimise the drawbacks to body and mind attendant more or less on occasional deprivations, through bad weather, of outdoor exercise. The sense of monotony can never be very great in a house the number of residents in which rarely falls below 250, while the advantage is incontestable in respect of better assured sanitary conditions, a table more conformable to the requirements of the invalid, closer medical attendance, and an efficient nursing staff.

Page 31

Sale ROOM (adjacent to the Main Entrance).

Open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. ; Saturdays to 1 p.m.

Bath Bandages and Apparatus of all kinds employed in the treatment at the establishment, with other necessaries, also a choice selection of Knitted Sports Wear, Dressing Gowns, Jaeger Goods, Silk Hose, etc.

Wheel Chairs for use of Invalids may be hired.

The Neighbourhood

Within walking and driving distance of the Establishment are, amongst others, the following places and objects of interest

Matlock Moor, where the Golf Course is situate, a favourite bracing walk unfolding extensive panoramas.

Matlock Dale, Matlock Bath, and Cromford, giving, in a walk or drive of three miles, beautiful river, rock, and wood scenery.

Bonsall (a mile further), a quaint old village with market cross in good preservation.

The Black Rocks and the Via Gellia (5 miles), affording beautiful views; a little further, Grange Mill, of geological interest.

Lea Hurst (5 miles), the charming and venerable home of the late Miss Florence Nightingale, approached by a lovely drive along the banks of the river Derwent.

Crich Stand (6 miles), rebuilt since the Great War as a Memorial to the Sherwood Foresters, giving, from an elevation of 955-ft. a view embracing six counties. The road leading to it passes Lea Hurst.

Wingfield Manor (7 miles), a ruin of great beauty, long the prison of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Haddon Hall (6 miles), one of the most perfect specimens of baronial architecture now left the property of the Duke of Rutland.

Chatsworth and Chatsworth Park (9 miles), the seat of the Duke of Devonshire, celebrated for its size, beauty, and collection of articles of vertue.

Birchover (7 miles), with its Druidical remains and rocking stones (Router Rocks).

Ashbourne (14 miles), an interesting old town, with fine parish church.

Bakewell (9 miles), and Wirksworth (5 miles), have the same claims to notice.

Hardwick Hall (16 miles), an ancient house of great beauty.

Dove Dale (17 miles), celebrated for its river scenery and associations with Izaak Walton. There, too, is Ilam Hall, in a situation of singular beauty.

The Dukeries. A motor tour of 96 miles, including Mansfield, Welbeck Abbey, Sherwood Forest, Clumber, Thorsby, Rufford Abbey, Ollerton and Edwinstowe.

Castleton (19 miles), with Peveril Castle, Peak Cavern, etc.

Riber Castle (2 miles), the residence of the late Mr.Smedley. A wide view is to be had from the hill on which it stands.

Motor Char-a-banc Tours arranged daily in summer.


Compiled, formatted, hyperlinked, encoded, and copyright © 2005, John Palmer All Rights Reserved.