Updated 1 Feb 2010

WIRKSWORTH Parish Records 1600-1900

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Hubert Haywood's patent

[text and photos taken from leaflets sent by Barry Cooper ]
Hubert Harrison (1888-1977) wrote:
On the subject of tape weaving I ought to mention the genius and perseverance of a boyhood friend, Hubert Haywood, trained as an engineer in the textile trade, with experience in perfectionism gained by a period of employment at the Rolls-Royce works Derby and at Kynochs. The son of Joseph Haywood referred to in connection with the Poyser Loom. Hubert made further improvements on it, making the parts by hand in a spare room at his home over several years, working in secrecy before taking out patent rights.

The Haywood loom could not only weave tapes but was capable of making elastics, ribbons, trimmings, galloons, petershams, webbing, gimps, gold lace, listings from silk, rayon, cotton, flax, asbestos and jute. It could be driven at high speeds from 140 to 200 picks a minute, making perfect selvedges, by shafting or electric motors. Fitted with a Jacquard the loom could weave elaborate designs.

However, Hubert Haywood could not afford to exploit his invention before age and failing health intervened and eventually the provisional patents expired, so that he derived no financial benefit for the skill and inventiveness that had taken so much toll of his life. He did not live long enough to realise that his invention would be in extensive use in Europe and America as it is at the time of writing.

He did derive some financial benefit from an improved mousetrap he patented and sold to a well know firm of trap makers and it is still on sale in most ironmongers' shops. As a pianist he played for the Wirksworth cinema proprietor in the evenings during the era of the silent films, his earnings helping to pay for tools and materials for his loom invention.

The Haywood Patent Narrow Fabric Loom

Sole Makers: Taylor, Lang & Co Ltd, Textile Machinists, Castle Iron Works,Stalybridge.

Fig 1: Illustrating the Loom filled with Jacquard
Fig 2: The Haywood Loom prepared for light fabrics
Demonstration looms may be seen at work in our showroom. Samples prepared from clients own warps
Fig 3: Haywood Loom fitted with Dobby.
Fig 4: Webbing Loom prepared for Heavy Fabrics

Adaptable for: Silk, Rayon, Cotton, Jute, Asbestos, etc

For the Manufacture of: Ribbons, Petershams, Galloons, Gimps, Tapes, Elastics, Webbings, Listings, Spindle Tapes

      Joseph            Ann
1848             1847              1843
Lydia            John              Mary
1869       |
          1866              1865
          Joseph    1890    Mary Anne
 |        |       |        |
1890     1892    1896     1900
William  Hubert  Annie E  Lizzie

See emails
See the Census for: 1871 | 1881 | 1891 | 1901
See MIs for: QD260 | QD261 | QD262

    The Haywood Patent Narrow Fabric Loom has been evolved as a result of over ten years' research, owing to the admitted fact that the ordinary type of smallware loom is far from being a really satisfactory machine. In many respects it is entirely original in design and contains a number of features which are rotected by patent, not only in England, but in all European countries and the U.S.A.

    An outstanding fature of this Narrow Fabric Loom is its all-metal construction, including the shuttle. It is made in comparatively small sections each of which is a complete unit. Two, three or more sections can be coupled together and driven from a common source if so desired. For the execution of small orders the advantage of a unit with few spaces is apparant.

    The Loom is designed to weave material from 1/2 in wide up to 2 in wide and the number of shuttle in the standard section is as follows:

    For material 0.5 in wide 12 shuttles
                 1.0 in      9          
                 1.25        8 
                 1.5         7
                 2.0         6

    The Haywood Loom is particularly suitable for weaving silk and artificial silk ribbons, but is equally efficient upon all classes of goods which fall within its capacity, an example being the weaving of spindle tapes for ring spinning and ring doubling frames.

    The shuttle mechanism is by means of rack and pinion the basis of the reciprocating motion being a fabroil rack gearing with cut steel pinions

    The Beat-up Motion is a patent feature of the loom. The effect of the arrangement is to give the slay an unusually long dwell in order to allow the shuttles ample time to cross the shed, without fear of catching the warp threads and, at the other end of the stroke, to give a rapid beat-up blow.

    The Heald Frames and Healds are also of all-metal construction and particular attention has been devoted to the shedding cams so that smooth changing of the warp threads is ensured even when running at high speeds.

    A most efficient Let-off Motion is employed on the Ribbon and Tape Looms embodying a patent compensating motion which ensures an even tension by self-adjustment when stress is put upon the warp threads during the changing of the shed.

    The Take-up Roller is driven through a double clutch arrangement and simply by altering the position of a link which connects the beat-up arm to the lever actuating the take-up motion itself, any desired number of picks per inch from 20 to 120 can be obtained without the employment of change wheels. According to class of material to be woven, the take-up roller may be covered with abrasive or cloth or knurled upon the surface.

    The loom is driven by means of a single pulley through a constantly revolving shaft. It is stoped and started by means of an efficient cone friction clutch which is thrown out of gear by the patent automatic Weft Stop Motion whenever a weft thread breaks or a spool runs empty

    A Warp Stop Motion can be applied when desired, which also acts upon the clutch in a similar manner. The loom is restarted instantaneously by a slight depression of the friction lever.

    Dobby. The shedding mechanism is by means of cams up to 8 shafts, but the standard loom can be arranged for dobby control, the dobby being placed either above the loom or on the side as illustrated in Fig 3 where floor space is not of vital importance.

    Jacquard. For patterned ribbons outside the capacity of the dobby a double lift Jacquard can be fitted above the loom as shown in Fig 1 and driven by simple connections to the standard mechanism.


----Anyone with more details for publication on this webpage, please email ----

Anne Haywood writes:
HAYWOOD FAMILY (1) JOSEPH HAYWOOD b. 1819 Kegworth Leics. was a shoemaker. He married Ann Barsley of Rothley Leics. They had 6 children including JOHN born 1847.

(2) JOHN HAYWOOD b. 1847 Leicester. He married LYDIA WALKER b. 1848 of Gorsey Bank , Wirksworth who worked as a lace tagger. I do not know what brought John to Wirksworth unless it was the textile trade. They had two boys JOSEPH b. 1866 and WILLIAM b. 1869. Unfortunately, Lydia died giving birth to William. JOHN HAYWOOD appeared to move back to his parents in Leicester (1871 census) leaving his sons with relations in Wirksworth. JOHN remarried but the boys never lived with their father or new stepmother, MARY .......? b. 1843 in Altrincham, Chesire. 1881 census shows they were living in Peel Street, Derby and he was an elastic web weaver.

(3) JOSEPH HAYWOOD was taken in by his grandparents, Isaac & Maria Walker of Gorsey Bank and lived there together with his aunt & uncle, Sarah (nee Walker) & Thomas Pickard. JOSEPH married MARY ANN BRAILSFORD b. 1865 of Wirksworth dau. of William & Elizabeth Brailsford. They had three children, WILLIAM, HUBERT & LIZZIE.

(4) WILLIAM HAYWOOD b.1869 was taken in by his aunt & uncle, Mary (nee Walker) & George Roper of Cromford. George Roper was a whitesmith and had his own business. William trained and worked as a whitesmith providing examples of his work with ornamental iron work around Cromford Church. He married MARY WALKER b.1877 daughter of George & Louisa Walker of Cromford. George worked on the railway (Middleton Top) and was known as "Shotty" Walker. They had 7 children, Joseph, Clara, Dorothy, Arthur, Margery, Lydia and CHARLES WILLIAM b. 1912 d.1967 who married BARBARA SYLVIA COTTON of 6 Hillside, Scarthin, Cromford.

(5) WILLIAM HAYWOOD b.1890 worked on the railway and married Celia ......?.

(6) HUBERT HAYWOOD b. 1892 after working in the mill went to R-R and worked in the Experimental Dept. He married his cousin, Annie Brailsford. They had two children, John and Betty. Betty, when a child, found her mother dead in the house of a heart attack and subsequently went to live with her grandparents, Joseph & Mary Ann and aunt Lizzie. John married Barbara Pearce of Steeple Grange, a district nurse. They had a son, Stephen. We believe that John and Barbara still live in the Wirksworth area. Last seen at a family funeral in the early 90s.

(7) LIZZIE HAYWOOD b. 1900 never married and lived with her parents. She was "never allowed to socialise much". Her father set her up with a small shop somewhere in Wirksworth where she sold sweets and later tobacco and groceries. She visited her Haywood cousins , particularly Clara and Dorothy. She was buried in a grave with her aunt, Selina Wilson (nee Brailsford).

The two families did not see much of each other perhaps because the brothers were split up when very young. However, Hubert, did play the organ at the wedding of CHARLES WILLIAM HAYWOOD & BARBARA COTTON in 1936 at the Glen Orchy Chapel and also for the weddings of cousins, Clara & Margery.

Regards Anne Haywood

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