Updated 1 Feb 2010
WIRKSWORTH Parish Records 1600-1900
[text and photos taken from leaflets sent by
Barry Cooper ]
Hubert Harrison (1888-1977) wrote:
On the subject of tape weaving I ought to mention the genius and
perseverance of a boyhood friend, Hubert Haywood, trained as an engineer
in the textile trade, with experience in perfectionism gained by a
period of employment at the Rolls-Royce works Derby and at Kynochs.
The son of Joseph Haywood referred to in connection with the Poyser Loom.
Hubert made further improvements on it, making the parts by hand in a
spare room at his home over several years, working in secrecy before
taking out patent rights.
The Haywood loom could not only weave tapes but was capable of making
elastics, ribbons, trimmings, galloons, petershams, webbing, gimps, gold
lace, listings from silk, rayon, cotton, flax, asbestos and jute. It
could be driven at high speeds from 140 to 200 picks a minute, making
perfect selvedges, by shafting or electric motors. Fitted with a Jacquard
the loom could weave elaborate designs.
However, Hubert Haywood could not afford to exploit his invention before
age and failing health intervened and eventually the provisional patents
expired, so that he derived no financial benefit for the skill and
inventiveness that had taken so much toll of his life. He did not live
long enough to realise that his invention would be in extensive use in
Europe and America as it is at the time of writing.
He did derive some financial benefit from an improved mousetrap he
patented and sold to a well know firm of trap makers and it is still on
sale in most ironmongers' shops. As a pianist he played for the
Wirksworth cinema proprietor in the evenings during the era of the silent
films, his earnings helping to pay for tools and materials for his loom
The Haywood Patent Narrow Fabric Loom
Sole Makers: Taylor, Lang & Co Ltd,
Textile Machinists, Castle Iron Works,Stalybridge.
Fig 1: Illustrating the Loom filled with Jacquard
Fig 2: The Haywood Loom prepared for light fabrics
Demonstration looms may be seen at work in our showroom.
Samples prepared from clients own warps
Fig 3: Haywood Loom fitted with Dobby.
Fig 4: Webbing Loom prepared for Heavy Fabrics
Adaptable for: Silk, Rayon, Cotton, Jute, Asbestos, etc
For the Manufacture of: Ribbons, Petershams, Galloons,
Gimps, Tapes, Elastics, Webbings, Listings, Spindle Tapes
1848 1847 1843
Lydia John Mary
Joseph 1890 Mary Anne
| | | |
1890 1892 1896 1900
William Hubert Annie E Lizzie
The Haywood Patent Narrow Fabric Loom has been evolved as a result of
over ten years' research, owing to the admitted fact that the ordinary
type of smallware loom is far from being a really satisfactory machine.
In many respects it is entirely original in design and contains a number
of features which are rotected by patent, not only in England, but in all
European countries and the U.S.A.
An outstanding fature of this Narrow Fabric Loom is its all-metal
construction, including the shuttle. It is made in comparatively small
sections each of which is a complete unit. Two, three or more sections
can be coupled together and driven from a common source if so desired.
For the execution of small orders the advantage of a unit with few spaces
The Loom is designed to weave material from 1/2 in wide up to 2 in wide
and the number of shuttle in the standard section is as follows:
For material 0.5 in wide 12 shuttles
1.0 in 9
The Haywood Loom is particularly suitable for weaving silk and artificial
silk ribbons, but is equally efficient upon all classes of goods which
fall within its capacity, an example being the weaving of spindle
tapes for ring spinning and ring doubling frames.
The shuttle mechanism is by means of rack and pinion the basis of
the reciprocating motion being a fabroil rack gearing with cut steel pinions
The Beat-up Motion is a patent feature of the loom. The effect of
the arrangement is to give the slay an unusually long dwell in order to
allow the shuttles ample time to cross the shed, without fear of catching
the warp threads and, at the other end of the stroke, to give a rapid
The Heald Frames and Healds are also of all-metal construction and
particular attention has been devoted to the shedding cams so that smooth
changing of the warp threads is ensured even when running at high speeds.
A most efficient Let-off Motion is employed on the Ribbon and Tape
Looms embodying a patent compensating motion which ensures an even tension
by self-adjustment when stress is put upon the warp threads during the
changing of the shed.
The Take-up Roller is driven through a double clutch arrangement
and simply by altering the position of a link which connects the beat-up
arm to the lever actuating the take-up motion itself, any desired number
of picks per inch from 20 to 120 can be obtained without the employment
of change wheels. According to class of material to be woven, the take-up
roller may be covered with abrasive or cloth or knurled upon the surface.
The loom is driven by means of a single pulley through a constantly
revolving shaft. It is stoped and started by means of an efficient cone
friction clutch which is thrown out of gear by the patent automatic
Weft Stop Motion whenever a weft thread breaks or a spool runs empty
A Warp Stop Motion can be applied when desired, which also acts
upon the clutch in a similar manner. The loom is restarted instantaneously
by a slight depression of the friction lever.
Dobby. The shedding mechanism is by means of cams up to 8 shafts,
but the standard loom can be arranged for dobby control, the dobby being
placed either above the loom or on the side as illustrated in Fig 3
where floor space is not of vital importance.
Jacquard. For patterned ribbons outside the capacity of the dobby
a double lift Jacquard can be fitted above the loom as shown in Fig 1 and
driven by simple connections to the standard mechanism.
----Anyone with more details for publication on this webpage,
please email ----
Anne Haywood writes:
(1) JOSEPH HAYWOOD b. 1819 Kegworth Leics. was a shoemaker. He married
Ann Barsley of Rothley Leics. They had 6 children including JOHN born 1847.
(2) JOHN HAYWOOD b. 1847 Leicester. He married LYDIA WALKER b. 1848 of
Gorsey Bank , Wirksworth who worked as a lace tagger. I do not know what
brought John to Wirksworth unless it was the textile trade. They had
two boys JOSEPH b. 1866 and WILLIAM b. 1869. Unfortunately, Lydia died
giving birth to William. JOHN HAYWOOD appeared to move back to his
parents in Leicester (1871 census) leaving his sons with relations in
Wirksworth. JOHN remarried but the boys never lived with their father or
new stepmother, MARY .......? b. 1843 in Altrincham, Chesire. 1881
census shows they were living in Peel Street, Derby and he was an elastic
(3) JOSEPH HAYWOOD was taken in by his grandparents, Isaac & Maria Walker
of Gorsey Bank and lived there together with his aunt & uncle, Sarah
(nee Walker) & Thomas Pickard. JOSEPH married MARY ANN BRAILSFORD
b. 1865 of Wirksworth dau. of William & Elizabeth Brailsford. They had
three children, WILLIAM, HUBERT & LIZZIE.
(4) WILLIAM HAYWOOD b.1869 was taken in by his aunt & uncle, Mary (nee
Walker) & George Roper of Cromford. George Roper was a whitesmith and
had his own business. William trained and worked as a whitesmith providing
examples of his work with ornamental iron work around Cromford Church.
He married MARY WALKER b.1877 daughter of George & Louisa Walker of
Cromford. George worked on the railway (Middleton Top) and was known as
"Shotty" Walker. They had 7 children, Joseph, Clara, Dorothy, Arthur,
Margery, Lydia and CHARLES WILLIAM b. 1912 d.1967 who married BARBARA
SYLVIA COTTON of 6 Hillside, Scarthin, Cromford.
(5) WILLIAM HAYWOOD b.1890 worked on the railway and married Celia ......?.
(6) HUBERT HAYWOOD b. 1892 after working in the mill went to R-R and worked
in the Experimental Dept. He married his cousin, Annie Brailsford. They
had two children, John and Betty. Betty, when a child, found her mother
dead in the house of a heart attack and subsequently went to live with her
grandparents, Joseph & Mary Ann and aunt Lizzie. John married Barbara
Pearce of Steeple Grange, a district nurse. They had a son, Stephen.
We believe that John and Barbara still live in the Wirksworth area.
Last seen at a family funeral in the early 90s.
(7) LIZZIE HAYWOOD b. 1900 never married and lived with her parents. She
was "never allowed to socialise much". Her father set her up with a small
shop somewhere in Wirksworth where she sold sweets and later tobacco and
groceries. She visited her Haywood cousins , particularly Clara and
Dorothy. She was buried in a grave with her aunt, Selina Wilson (nee
The two families did not see much of each other perhaps because the brothers
were split up when very young. However, Hubert, did play the organ at the
wedding of CHARLES WILLIAM HAYWOOD & BARBARA COTTON in 1936 at the Glen
Orchy Chapel and also for the weddings of cousins, Clara & Margery.
Regards Anne Haywood
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